How is humus made

How are humic and fulvic acid created?

Humic and fulvic acid arise from humus. Humus is the top layer of the soil. It’s very fertile. It looks like compost, but is further digested than compost. It consists of organic digested plant and animal materials. As plant material degrades into compost, humus substances are created. From Humus two substances can be extracted:

  • Humic
  • Fulvic acid

What is Humin?

What remains after humic or fulvic acid are extracted from humus is called Humin. It basically has the same properties as humic acid, but it’s a waste product, and much less effective.

How do we consume fulvic acid?

Every human consumes Fulvic acid through vegetables. However, through the use of fertilizers, pesticides but also by age of agricultural lands, the humus layer is gradually withdrawn from the bottom. This gives the person less fulvic acid in a natural way.

How are fulvic and humic acid extracted?

When plants die, they are broken down. This process is called humification. Many people know this form of degradation in compost. The forming of compost is a way of humification. Under the right conditions fruit and garden waste are broken down into compost, which serves as fertilizer. The humification of compost can be completed in 6 months.

On the contrary, the humification of humus takes much more time. Moreover, the breakdown goes much further than compost. The humus layer consists of many remains of plants and animals. These organic particles are called humic substances.

Humic substances are everywhere to be found in water and soil. In some places, the available humic substances are present in a higher concentrated amount than others. Humus is basically a high concentration of humic substances. Some humic layers are so concentrated that they can be mined.

How long does it take to form humus?

It takes at least 6-12 months to form a humus-like substance as compost, but in nature it takes much longer to form a humus layer. A humus layer can be 40 million years old. A rule of thumb about the quality: the older the better.

How are humic substances also called?

On this website the terms humic acid, fulvic acid and humic substances Humin used to denote all. Other names are:

  • Humates
  • Leonardite
  • Humalite
  • Colloidal minerals
  • Concentrated humic
  • Humic acid
  • Fulvic Acid

How are humic and fulvic acid withdrawn from humic substances?

The production varies greatly from vendor. That’s why the quality of products can vary greatly with every supplier. Below, the production of fulvic acid is described in the way BioAg, the supplier of the Health Solution produces fulvic acid.

  • Crude ore arrives at the facility, in large sealed bags.
  • The bags are emptied in fermentation vessels (the same as used in the wine industry).
  • Rainwater, enzymes and microbes are added.
    - The enzymes provide for the separation of fulvic acid in the humus, a process that is called fermentation. The microbes prevent bacteria like e-coli from getting foothold in the barrels.
  • The fermentation process takes several months.
  • Tests are performed during the process to check if the product is right acidity, density, color and consistency has been reached.
  • After the fermentation process is completed, all containers emptied into a large tank
  • The tank is then used to fill 275 litres cage trays through a patented filtering system that prevents any risk of contamination and removes all microbes.
  • Each load gets a lot number, so that all products can be controlled.
  • When the big tank is empty, the process begins again.